Learn the Greek Alphabet
Learn the Greek alphabet, pronunciation, and sentence punctuation
|Lower Case||Upper Case||Name||Pronunciation|
|ι||Ι||Iota||Bee or Bit|
When two vowels are next to each other but are not a dipthong there will be two dots, known as diaeresis, over the second vowel to show the vowels are separate, e.g. αῒ instead of αι.
When γ appears before a γ, κ, χ, or ξ, it is pronounced as an “n”. For example, ἄγγελος is pronounced as angelos.
The consonant sound is held for twice as long.
No effect on pronunciation but important in translation. In capital letters the subscript is written next to the main vowel.
When a word begins with a vowel or dipthong, it must include a breathing mark.
ἀ, ἐ, ἰ, etc. -- No h sound at the beginning of the word.
ἁ, ἑ, ἱ, etc. -- Word begins with "h" sound. Can also appear over ῥ, which has no affect on pronunciation.
Originally accents indicated changes in pitch. Now they are used to indicate which syllable is to be stressed. Make sure to emphasize the accented syllable when reading out loud as this creates consistent sounds that aid in memorization.
- Acute - ά
- Grave - ὰ
- Circumflex - ᾶ
|.||Same as English period|
|,||Same as English period|
|·||Same as English semicolon|
|;||Same as English question mark|