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 Learn the Greek Alphabet

Learn the Greek alphabet, pronunciation, and sentence punctuation

Pronounce the 20 Most Common Biblical Greek Words


Lower Case Upper Case Name Pronunciation
α Α Alpha Father
β Β Beta Bible
γ Γ Gamma Great
δ Δ Delta Dog
ε Ε Epsilon Pet
ζ Ζ Zeta Zebra
η Η Eta Hey
θ Θ Theta They
ι Ι Iota Bee or Bit
κ Κ Kappa Carrot
λ Λ Lambda Love
μ Μ Mu Moo
ν Ν Nu Nazareth
ξ Ξ Xi Axe
ο Ο Omicron Paw
π Π Pi Pickle
ρ Ρ Rho Red
σ/ς Σ Sigma Super
τ Τ Tau Total
υ Υ Upsilon Whoo
φ Φ Phi Phone
χ Χ Chi Loch Ness
ψ Ψ Psi Lapse
ω Ω Omega Phone


Dipthong Pronunciation
αι Aisle
αυ Owl
ει Ace
ευ/ηυ You
οι Boy
ου Hoot
υι We

When two vowels are next to each other but are not a dipthong there will be two dots, known as diaeresis, over the second vowel to show the vowels are separate, e.g. αῒ instead of αι.


Gamma Case

When γ appears before a γ, κ, χ, or ξ, it is pronounced as an “n”. For example, ἄγγελος is pronounced as angelos.

Double Consonants

The consonant sound is held for twice as long.

Iota Subscript

No effect on pronunciation but important in translation. In capital letters the subscript is written next to the main vowel.

Breathing Marks

When a word begins with a vowel or dipthong, it must include a breathing mark.

Smooth Breathing

ἀ, ἐ, ἰ, etc. -- No h sound at the beginning of the word.

Rough Breathing

ἁ, ἑ, ἱ, etc. -- Word begins with "h" sound. Can also appear over , which has no affect on pronunciation.


Originally accents indicated changes in pitch. Now they are used to indicate which syllable is to be stressed. Make sure to emphasize the accented syllable when reading out loud as this creates consistent sounds that aid in memorization.

Accent Marks

  • Acute - ά
  • Grave -
  • Circumflex -


Punctuation Greek
. Same as English period
, Same as English period
· Same as English semicolon
; Same as English question mark